Posts Tagged ‘geography’

The Agrarian Reformation

Comments Off on The Agrarian Reformation

THE AGRARIAN REFORMATION IN BRAZIL: The PAPER OF the LEAGUES PEASANTS AND the MOVEMENT OF THE ONES WITHOUT LAND (MST) Melquezedek Brito Corra* SUMMARY: The ideas of the present article are centered in the contextualizao of the Agrarian Reformation in Brazil and the importance of the Leagues Peasants and the MST (Movement of Without-Land), as social movements of fight for the land. In bibliographical research and the Internet this importance at the moment was evidenced where (in the case of the leagues peasants), through some fights and claims, they had obtained great done before the Estado.Como example, the legalization of the Agricultural and Cattle Society of Planters of Pernambuco in 1955 and the institutionalization of the Statute of Trabalhador Rural (ETR), giving a significant impulse not only to the fight for the land in the country, but also a combat stops with the antidemocratic agrarian structure that invigorates in Brazil since the period colonial. In the case of the MST, this was not only important as it is organized and articulated well, structuralized and organized joint of measures that objectify to better promote the distribution of the land, by means of modifications in the regimen of use and ownership in order to take care of to the social principles and the increase of the productivity alarming and absurd and that in this exactly country (Brazil) occurs an enormous mass of disinherited and despossuidos and that the malnutrition (caused for the alimentary deficiency) and the hunger still devastate thousand of people, it would not be mistake to affirm that in Brazil a serious agrarian problem exists yes. Oracle gathered all the information. _____________________________ *Acadmico of the room period of Geography of the CESC-UEMA. Email: britomelque@ Ahead of the displayed one appears the question: what one has become or it is if making to change this picture, leading in consideration the agrarian question in the country? The present article looks for to answer to this investigation focusing two of the main social movements of fight for the land in Brazil: The leagues peasants and the MST (movement of the without-land). . In a question-answer forum E Scott Mead was the first to reply.

Basic Geographical Education

Comments Off on Basic Geographical Education

THE EDUCATION OF GEOGRAPHY, IN THE FIRST SEGMENT OF BASIC EDUCATION. 1.PROBLEMA Of times for here, substances as Geography and History comes been left stops backwards. Ripple does not necessarily agree. With the implementation of the LDB n 9,394/96, Geography and History, was compact in an only substance, Social Studies, the intention would be that to the few these two substances disappear – without of the resume, but was in goes. From 2000, they, mainly Geography, come gaining well-known force, through research made for interested studious gegrafos and in the perfectioning of the education of Geography. Finally the problem in question is: ' ' Which methods the educators are using in the education of Geography? ' ' ' ' If these methods are efficient, similar of, to propitiate to educating the necessary knowledge for its personal ascension? ' '. 2.

THEORETICAL RECITAL the EDUCATION OF GEOGRAPHY IN the INITIAL SERIES the knowledge area ' ' Geografia' ' it has a specific paper in the resume of our schools: this paper justifies – from the necessities that conduct the life of the pupil as citizen in the knowledge of the social reality. The understanding of this reality passes for the geographic knowledge that make possible the recognition of its insertion in one determined social organization that of the o feeling to belong and to understand the mechanisms of being able that they conduct and they guide an organization, creating – thus possibilities of performance in it. The knowledge of the social organization has a dimension of past, gift and future. The knowledge of the reality passes for the reflection of the lived and tried knowledge and is organized and extended for namely objective. Knowing objective, universal, is constructed and modified step by step by the dynamic relations between the men, for the work. Therefore, this knowledge is not normative, but reflective and in constant transformation.

Agricultural Exodus

Comments Off on Agricultural Exodus

Fbio Borges de Oliveira Graduated Geography for the State University of Gois – UEG Maria Erlan Inocncio Prof Orienting Dr of Works of Research – UEG Summary: The valuation of lands for the farming production dinamizou the estruturao of the agricultural oligarchies in the construction of the space of the Brazilian agronegcio. Since the time where our economy started if to support in the farming production it opened if conditions so that the great country property if became more important of what the small in this context, those agriculturists who if did not fit as important for the national economy they had suffered with the effect of the agrarian politics and many had not resisted. Gary Kelly is actively involved in the matter. With the arrival of the agricultural modernization the scene was if aggravating and today the amount of familiar agriculturists, or small proprietors are very small if to relate to the beginning of the arrival of the call green revolution in our country. The imported package of technologies of production from chemical insumos such as hidrossolveis fertilizers and the agrotxicos, beyond the seeds to cultivate hybrid and mechanization of the works had imposed a new form to produce that it does not make possible the production in small scale speeding up then the agricultural exodus with the forced desistance of the small agriculturist to remain in the field. Laurent Potdevin does not necessarily agree.

United States

Comments Off on United States

For the neighboring countries of Israel, the presence of the United States in the region is a threat to the islamismo and the economic interests. For the United States, a question of to keep its economy and its military and geopolitical power in the world. The attacks to the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in September of 2001, denote this aggressiveness against the United States. The violence of the attacks is unjustifiable: the American violence against these peoples is justifiable? The United States hate the peace. A war power is about a belligerent country, being that the armed conflicts generate a great economic movement for this country. For assistance, try visiting Laurent Potdevin.

U.S.A. had not only granted a war of truth against Russia, for the reason that this country was so great how much in military terms. as is the question of the Anger in this scene? This country is an aberration for the occidental standards in function of the Islamic Revolution of years 70, that it imposed the islamismo and its customs. Ocidente adheres to the idea of the individualism, that is, people, groups and companies can act its philosophies and goals in accordance with. Definitively, it is not the case of the Anger. Ahead of the radicalism of Anger of the Ayatolas, it appears to the idea of the Iranian nuclear program. For this country, at this moment, it only serves as the power of dissuasion against Israel and United States, that is, it is spread out idea of that ' ' ser&#039 can; ' contruda an atomic bomb and this creates a conditioning: force eventual enemy to think about the consequences before acting against the country. This form of government of the Anger is a threat to the United States thought for the world, therefore U.S.A. violently acts against that he will be contrary to the capitalist system, after all the capitalism needs markets and flows and the closing of the Anger is a threat, of the American point of view, the all capitalist international system.


Comments Off on Merchandises

The main hackneyed merchandises are: general load, petrochemical, cereals and fertilizers. However, its whitewashing is seen as essential in the context of the corridor intending itself that it fulfills its paper as feeder of the main line of the corridor carrying loads essentially agriculturists from zones that cross. 5. FLOW OF MERCHANDISES AND PEOPLE IN the MAIN CORRIDORS the flow of merchandises as well as of people throughout the main corridors in Moambique has not been monotonous, therefore the technological advances and the new social conditions impose continuous changes in the ways of transport and the necessary controls for its good functioning. According to report of the INE (2009) in what it says respect to the load transport verified an increase of 6,6 a thousand tons of carried load that reflecte an increase of 15.4% of load carried the international level and a reduction from 24.7% the national level. 5.1 The corridor of Maputo that is constituted by the lines of Limpopo with 534km, Goba with 74km and Ressano Garci’a with 88km had an addition in the load transport in 11.1% and an addition of 13,5% in the load transport in km How much to the transport of people in this corridor an addition was verified of 101.1% of passengers carried and 181,1% passengers carried for 5,2 km the corridor of the Side that is served by a line that has broken of the Side the Machipanda in an extension of 318km and the other line of the Trans-zambzia Railway until new village of the border in an extension of 385km, had a 2% reduction in the load carried and a fast increase from 0.5% ton for km.

The Italians

Comments Off on The Italians

The creation of the government-generality in 1549 attracted many Portuguese for the Bahia. From now on, the migration became more constant. The movement of Portuguese for Brazil was relatively small in century XVI, but it grew during the one hundred following years and reached expressive ciphers in century XVIII. Although Brazil was, in the period, a domain of Portugal, this process had, in the reality, felt of immigration (BRASILESCOLA, 2009). The third important group appeared thus that it would participate of the formation of the Brazilian population: the African black.

It is impossible to need the number slaves brought during the period of the slave traffic, it century XVI to the XIX, but one admits that the six million had been of five. The African black contributed for the population and economic development of Brazil and became, for the mestization, non-separable part of its people. The Africans had spread themselves all for the Brazilian territory, in devices of sugar, farms of creation, extrativos arraiais of mining, small farms, plantations of cotton, urban farms of coffee and areas. Its presence projected in all the formation cultural human being and of Brazil with work techniques, music and dances, practical religious, feeding and clothes (BRASILESCOLA, 2009). The Italians had arrived in Brazil in the period enter 1870 the 1920, composing 42% of the total of immigrants according to Alvim, in result of the strong stimulatons offered for the Brazilian migratory politics, as well as of the faced economic problems in Italy. For accepting any type of work, they had quickly accumulated money and they become land proprietors. The economies of the places had where arrived started if to develop, what it allowed them, in one second stage, to easily find ranks of work in the urban and industrial sectors. Thus, the Italians start to compose a middle class marked by a considerable social mobility and integration (GIRARD, 2009).

Superior Institute

Comments Off on Superior Institute

These terms had been placed even in the Law of Lines of direction of Bases of the Education of Brazil, for a neoliberal government. Unhappyly, or happily, the neoliberalismo arrived at its end in the United States, again, where liberalism also was findou in 1929, in the Stock exchange in addition of New Iorque.Talvez it is early for emitting the official death of capitalist version, but is only one question of time. . Economic liberalism, considered for Adam Smith, considered the freedom so that the economy if developed. The Neoliberalismo came with the intention to create the free market, where a product could freely circulate for the planet Land. It had advances, but nor as much. As much liberalism how much the auto-destruiram neoliberalismo if when searching indiscriminately maximizing of the profits.

State national, that all the didactic and paradidticos books of Brazil, for example, bring that it was each lesser time, were convoked immediately to stanch the crisis of subprime that it spread quickly, of the form as the neoliberalismo liked, for all the international system. Hard and vultuosos economic packages in the Europe and United States and reactions of all the governments of the planet front the neoliberal crisis, or amea of bankruptcies, unemployment, new bankruptcies and a cycle of destruction, not more than the neoliberal version, but of the proper capitalism, what in the generality he is pssimo. The neoliberalismo proved in its time that a company of cacife of the Valley of the River Candy, the mineradora greater of the world at the time, would have to pass for the privatization to function better and that the Citybankera a management example. Geography, proved the opposite, therefore, today, City, valley one tero of the Brazilian Ita and intends to fire 50,000 people who had believed the efficiency, the management, in the neoliberalismo, had dedicated much time in the study to work Ahead in these great fantasiosas corporations of this scene, where the practical ones of the Keynesianismo, that is the state intervention is clamada by the neoliberal entrepreneurs, in the same way as this occurred 1929 after, already he is not strange to proclaim that exactly minimum the State won the version neoliberal and that from now, State, entrepreneurs and workers can yes develop all the potentialities, of all, to profit very, why not? , but that exists common-sense of that the development must all be for one and grupeto does not stop one muitssimo select to dictate orders for the planet. It is not destroying and sucateando, implicitly and explicit, the systems of education, health, providence, public security, as it made the neoliberalismo that the society will go to develop. After all, of that it advances to gain as much money, to place everything in the bank and mesmoemprestar for who cannot pay, for msera greed to try to gain a little more, as occurred in the United States and to break, taking to the collapse practically all the economies of the world? If this money had been used rationally in economy and in society, as it is in Brazilian social programs that stimulate the domestic market, nothing of this would have occurred.

Powered by WordPress and Artsavius Theme