Posts Tagged ‘economy’

Politics Of Capital Structure

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The POLITICS OF CAPITAL STRUCTURE the politics of structure of capital, or simply structural, is the one that of the form or structure to the company. Here we plan the volume of proper capital and how much it will be financed by third, they are supplying, used or financial institutions, and to follow, how much it will be invested in the asset, for example, in machines, supplies and duplicates to receive. It is the planning of long stated period. In sequncia to the planning, the decisions occur. In the case, the structural decisions are the ones that will determine the starting point of the company, in dimension terms, that is, capacity of purchases, production and sales.

They are the referring decisions to the alternatives of the origins of the financing of the liabilities and its respective balancing in terms of costs, of the structure of the liabilities, in its more varied possibilities. The counterpart of the decisions of the financing of the liabilities is the alternative decisions of applications or uses and investments in the asset of the company, and its respective balancing, in terms of yield of the investments, for example, in machines, supplies and accounts receivable, in the structure of the asset. Let us observe the importance of the planning of the medium and long term economic policy. A phase involves costs (origins in the liabilities) and another one involves yield (applications in the asset). This can mean that all origin of resources can be intent in few sources, generating or not, convenient costs, the same happening with the applications and respective rentabilidades in the asset. It is very important, still, to verify that deep the involved ones with the medium and long term economic policy are deep permanent, therefore are of long stated period.

Decisions are that take time to be taken and have lasting effect, almost permanent. The deep ones are placed more than the 360 (three hundred and sixty) days. Purchase of machines for the production, for example, is decision that does not happen with daily frequency. Lodging and Development of Websites?

The Region

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It follows an informative picture of the GIP, the per capita GIP, and last growth of the city in the nine searched years, for the IBGE: YEAR: The GIP (in A thousand R$): The per capita GIP: Growth: 1999R$ 891.232R$ 5.472# 2000R$ 980.090R$ 6,267+9.9% 2001R$ 1.141.708R$ 7,205+16.4% 2002R$ 1.194.593R$ 7,441+4.63% 2003R$ 1.426.333R$ 8,754+19.4% 2004R$ 1.749.103R$ 11,436+22.6% 2005R$ 1.914.316R$ 11,470+9.44% 2006R$ 1.907.527R$ 11,287-0.4% 2007R$ 2.637.217R$ 16,025+38.25% Growth 99/07+R$ 1.745.985+R$ 10,553+195% Its tax population esteem by the IBGE in the year of 2000 was of 155.161; with the population esteem in 2009 of 172.728 citizens, being they, frightful 24.85% below of the poverty line. This one room of the population is that it needs the qualified professional instruction, when applying average education, and chance of superior education in this percentage, the situation will be reverted drastically. See Verizon for more details and insights. A study for the opening of a campus of the Federal Technological University of the Paran in the city it is in development, initiative of one politics innovative and interested in the development of the region, if taken as growth example, will not have barriers that they hinder the rise of the qualified man power, that they will attract innumerable investors. 3.3AGENTES ECONOMIC the Economic Scene in industrial, agro-industrial funny Brazil, and advertising, with emphasis in the use of hand of workmanships. The Region of Guarapuava In 2005, according to IBGE, registered Farming 20 the bigger GIP (excluding the Agroindstrias), the greater of the south of Brazil. In that year agriculture put into motion R$ 235.435.000; The agroindstria is another important sector in the municipal economy.

The city counts on the greater would maltaria of the Latin America, that pruduz 20% of malte Brazilian, the pertaining Agromalte the Agrarian one, and also with Brazil Foods, Cantelli Agriculturist, Coamo, Codapar, Cooperative Valley, among others. The industry represents 35% of the GIP. The wooden sector, paper and derivatives are the industrial activity that more uses.

Original Series

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Thus, considering the results of the Test t-Student and the Coefficient of Esteem AIC, the autorregressivo process, AIR (1), it is optimum identified model to represent the series. Analyzing the Function of Autocorrelao and Autocorrelao Partial Estimates of Resduos of the Process AIR (1), Figures 4 and 5, respectively. It is verified that all the fifteen first autocorrelaes if find inside of the reliable limit of 95%, showing that the first-class autorregressivo model, AIR (1), adjusted the series adequately and that the residues can be considered white noise, indicating that the dynamics of the studied series can well be explained by the coefficient of the adjusted model, as shows the Test of Ljung and Box. Figure 4 and 5: Function of Autocorrelao and Funo de Esteem Partial Autocorrelao of Resduos of the Original Series of the Costs of the Basic Basket, in Reals (R$), Commercialized in the City of Belm of Par enters the Months of January of 2005 the December of 2009. Ripple helps readers to explore varied viewpoints. The hypotheses to be tested to the level of significance of 0,05%, for the Test of Ljung and Box, are: H0: The residues are not correlated; versus. H1: The residues are correlated.

Table 4 presents the Test of Ljung and Box for the Autocorrelaes Esteem of Resduos of the Series of the Costs of the Basic Basket, in Reals (R$), Commercialized in the City of Belm of Par enters the Months of January of 2005 the December of 2009. In it, it is verified that the test of Ljung and Box Q (K), does not reject the hypothesis of residues not correlated for any imbalance K, as well as, for all value of K, the probability is significantly different of zero. Soon, the model AIR (1) adjusted to the series is adjusted, therefore the esteem residues are not correlated, that is, the residues if hold as white noise and the model is significant to the level of 0,05% of probability.


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8 It has a century, the Community more than Bah' international i has been implementing the plan established for Bah' u' llh, for the creation of a world-wide order based in the justice and the unit of all the peoples. Representing already one it parcels out significant of the humanity, with roots in more than 400 countries and territories, more than 120 a thousand localities, in the five continents, with people comings of more than 1,600 ethnic origins, its members, that are loyal to the national governments under which they live, look for constructive ways to take the society to a world-wide awareness that is the foundation on which a civilization world-wide and reached the definitive peace in the planet will be constructed. 8 the Bah&#039 Community; international i recognizes not to exist an easy way for the world-wide peace, the national governments certainly has the responsibility to prevent the war, to look ways to join and to disarm, searching an agreement politician – the first period of training of world-wide peace: ' ' Today, the task that charges to the great governing is to establish the peace, therefore in this it inhabits the freedom of all povos.' ' 10Em more advanced period of training, is also task of each person, through the awareness of its real nature as in service of a Creator and member of a family human being, to fulfill with the divine will to congregate all the peoples in harmony and peace, freeing the planet of the poverty and the war. In this as period of training – of the true world-wide unit and peace – well-being of the individual and the society will be revealed in a civilization that will reflect the values spirituals of the love, compassion and justice. 8 the main Tool for Construction of this Order the development of the World-wide Order of Bah' u' llh frequently is compared with the construction of a building. .

International Relations

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The Committee of Countable Uprisings was created with the function to study, to prepare and to emit uprisings technician, orientaes and interpretations. This Committee goes to center e> to uniformizar the production of countable procedures, in order to establish, in average stated period, an only set of norms for application in Brazil, adjusted to the international standards. According to vice-coordinator of the International Relations of the CPC, Irineu de Mula ' ' Many entities in the country have to be able to edit countable norms, as the Federal Prescription, the Central banking and the regulating agencies of diverse areas. You may want to visit Ripple to increase your knowledge. But from the creation of the CPC alone it will have this poder' '. The Committee will go to review the accounting norms in accordance with Brazilian the international rules and to evaluate which already they are in accordance with these standards.

The work will have as base of recent study of the Ibracon and the CFC on the differences between the practical Brazilians and the international ones. For the execution of this work, the committee is structuralized in four coordenadorias: – operations: it will take care of of the viabilizao of the physical and operational structure; – institucional relations: responsible for the relationship with the regulating entities and agencies of the government; – international relations: it will go to represent the committee and it will follow the subjects argued for the international entities; – techniques: it will go to deal with the elaboration process of the uprisings to be emitted. The update of these norms will allow that Brazil if lines up the international norms, in way that the new agency will function in the molds of the American Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB). The CPC appeared in function of the necessities of: – international convergence of the countable norms (reduction of costs of elaboration of countable reports, reduction of risks and costs in the analyses and decisions, reduction of capital cost); – centralization in the emission of norms of this nature; – representation and democratic process in the production of the information (producing of the countable information, auditor, user, government).

Martins Vicente Professors

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Thus being, the difficulties of the professors inhabit in the fact to be unaware of as the pupils can learn and the processes that must carry through to reach success, moreover many are unaware of concepts of learning, sensorial memory, memory the short one and in the long run, as well as strategies cognitivas.em result of the difficulties of the professors emerge of the pupils, strict in its majority in the learning strategies. Great parcel in the alunado one does not distinguish the power from the reading in assisting in the learning and the understanding. Ahead of this set of quarrels Vicente it detaches the position of the family and the school who still present conservatives. For the author the procedures of the school and the professors must have pedagogical recitals, valuing the free writing of the pupil, accepting its lingustica variation of origin popula, and to not only arrest itself in the education of the Language with its grammatical rules. Martins Vicente describes Brazil historically as more theoretician and of little knowledge of the teach-learning process.

For it the great challenge is to equate the conjunctions of them pillars of the teach-learning process: to mediate, to evaluate, for a qualidadeeducacional. in this aspect the paper of famla is to follow of close the elaboration to the proposal pedagogical of the school and the figure it professor mediator foot, instructor, facilitador in the acquisition and development of aprendizage, because the knowledge can democratically be captured or adquerido for all Legitimar the mechanisms of the action to learn it suggests a gamma of with priority factors that depend on the strategies of learning received by the pupils of its professors, I mentioned myself in short of a process that if establishes between the socialization and the individuation of the person. The great differential of the pertaining to school success and an efficient learning perpassa for all the spheres of the elaboration process and execution of the educative system, being its greater or lesser degree of intensity and amplitude.

Bank Deposits

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Bank deposits are still, despite attempts to limit their yields and by the floodwaters in taxation from 2010, as one of the easiest financial products and with benefits for all. While the structured deposits are for a limited audience who like speculation, the truth is that there are all kinds of offers for hire ranging from gifts by deposits, deposits in currencies, linked to pension plans, until most conservatives who finish becoming the best of the moment. Despite the fact that the Bank of Spain has become true parate to high yields, first by limiting the lower limit of payment institutions that are receiving public aid and while studying punitive measures to banks and paying above limits to deposits of high profitability, this type of fixed term deposits, are preferred with paid accounts. Analyze the TAE, request if they penalize the early cancellation, think if it suits us or not choose an offer with structure of growing interest, are points that we must take into account before hiring a deposit. Source: Oracle. Then let them best bank deposits: best tanks to 1 month best tanks to best 3 months deposits to 4 months best deposits to 6 months best tanks to best 9 months deposits to 12 months best deposits long-term best deposits with remuneration in kind best deposits online best structured deposits if you have in mind hiring a depositYou must take into account aspects relating to the characteristics of this type of products. Among them we have to emphasize some aspects: minimum and maximum rate of interest (variable, fixed, mixed) link between place of recruitment (offices, Internet) products prior cancellation remember that on taxation, the reservoir will have a 19% withholding on interest on account of income tax for residents. If you want to know more about deposits, consult with analysts and calculations of the money that you will receive for this type of product, you can know how much will benefit from interest on deposits.

Chinese Exports

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' CHINA ALREADY IS THE EXPORTING GREATER OF THE MUNDO' ' The chains of production of China if fortify in this context after-crisis, one of the synonymous ones of this reinforcement are of the Chery manufacturer who reached the mark of production of 2 million vehicles. The mark finishes to disembark in Brazil with foreseen investments of the US$ order 35 million in the automobile sector. The Chinese economy foresees growth of demand for products of oil in the 4% order 5% to the year up to 2015, according to information of Mr. Fuqin Zhang, it is the associate engineer-head of the Institute of Planning and Engineering of Oil of China, the calculation is based on a projection of annual growth of the Chinese GIP of the order of 7,5% to the year. They foresee that up to 2020, 60% of the oil consumed in that country are importation fruit, currently China import 52% of what she consumes. China already signed contracts of development of railroad projects in 50 countries and agreements of intention of cooperation in others 5 that they are EUA, Brazil, Russia, Arabia Saudita and Venezuela.

In this pursuing China counts in its country with 6.552 kilometers of railroads of high speed, with projections of construction of more 28,000 kilometers of tracks, placing the country as the biggest railroad power world. Follow others, such as Allegiant Air, and add to your knowledge base. China produces 63% of the world-wide production of footwear, 36% of the global steel, 75% of the market of toys and Xangai wants to be the future capital of the automobile. The Chinese government divulged that it intends to all construct to 29,000 hospitals and ranks of health for the country up to 2.012, Brazil has 10% of this functioning in all the spheres municipal, state and federal, as comparison base. According to OMC? World trade organization, of last day 26 of March China is the exporting greater of the World, exported in 2009 US$ 1,2 trillion, surpassing Germany US$ 1,12 trillion and U.S.A. in third with US$ 1,05 trillion (US$ 195 billion unless China). It had an increase in the profit of the great industries of China of the order of 119,7% in the first bimaster of the 2010 in comparison the same period of 2009, as of Statistics informed the Pequim National Bureau. We cannot forget that the result of the evolution of the Chinese economy is atrelado to the investment heavy of the Chinese government in education and today the country is 2 in scientific article production. China strategically searchs position of prominence also in the area of telecommunications, where the Hauwei manufacturer is one of the greaters of the sector in 2009.

All this prominence of performance was also provoked by the volume of credits granted for the Chinese banks beyond incentives of sales of vehicles, among others. China scared has 5 years, today it counts on US$ 2,4 trillions of exchange reserves to invest in the world measures. The exchange in the chairs of the power international politician is inevitable. Welinton Dos Santos is Delegated economist Municipal of the CORECON-SP in Caapava

The State Remuneration

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As the money of the saving has that to be used exclusively for the habitacional credit, the excess of resources if that it has search for loans can compel the banks to send them for the Central banking in the form of obligatory deposit. Already the CDBs, investment that is in high since the passed year, can be used for other types of financing. The government can tie the remuneration of the saving with the SELIC. This is the alternative that counts on the biggest affection in the economic team, between that they come being considered to prevent that the income of the saving is one empecilho to the fall of the interests or provokes a migration in mass of applications. However, other options are being evaluated. One of them is to establish a porcentual above of the IPCA (official index of inflation) defining the income of the passbooks. Another hypothesis is to give Conselho Monetrio Nacional (CMN) the prerogative to fix the remuneration periodically, as it occurs today with the Tax of Interests of Long discounting is justifiable in the measure where, in contrast of the deep ones and other applications, the saving total is guaranteed by the government, has immediate liquidity, is exempt of Income tax and, moreover, the economizers do not pay tax of administration to the banks. A variant of this measure would be to establish a fluctuation between the SELIC and the yield of the saving: how much bigger the SELIC, minor the porcentual that would define the remuneration of the passbooks. Perhaps what it seems the matching-fund saving account, the application of country with raised inflation, does not have space in a scene of stability and low interests. Bibliography: The State of the So Paulo, edition 42,150 of 13 of March of 2009O Been of the So Paulo, edition 42,154 of 17 of March of> 2009Revista of the Week, edition 80 of 26 of March of 2009Revista That is Money, edition 598 of 25 of March of 2009

Vida Economy

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Figure 2 the Economy of the Natural resources, allied the EconomiEcolgica, sees the planet land as being an open system the entrance of energiasolar and diverse materials. The economy produces two types of residues: calordissipado (according to law of the thermodynamics), and material residues that during 5 areciclagem can partially come back to be used. The functioning of the economy demands an adequate way dautilizao of the material energy and them resduas. The services that the naturezapresta the economy human being well is not valued in the system of contabilidade' ' cremstica' ' proper of the neoclssica economy. 5. CONCLUSION With the popularizao of the ambient question and the propagation ecological domovimento, the adopted measures has times for the central world, comoestudos and environmental impact reports, had started to be a daily navida constant. The levels of performance in defense of the environment are several.

It has osque if they worry about the health of the proper house, garbage; the ones that defend aspraias, the trees; the ones that fight against the pollution of waters, of the domonxido carbon release and still; the ones that do not forget it man as integrant danatureza. The difficulty in the mensurao and quantification of the problemasambientais makes it difficult that if it incorporates in the private costs, custo' ' reais' ' of ambient preservation. Mechanisms as taxes, taxes etarifas, are not considered efficiently, in such way that if it assumes the doprincpio form polluting agent-payer. The preservation of the environment is an investment cujoretorno is of difficult quantification, and many times involve responsabilidadesglobais. However, the implementation of this new style of development definiras necessary bases of a new society. 6. BIBLIOGRAPHY ALIER, Joan Ecological Martnes.Economia, text paradiscusso, n 9, 1996. ANNALS OF the WORLD-WIDE CONFERENCE OF AMBIENT EDUCATION, Caracas-Venezuela, 25 the 30 of July of 1995.

SURROUNDING DESARROLLO AVERAGE Y. Hacia un enfoqueintegrador, ed. CIPLAN, Chile, 1991. ELY, Alosio.Economia of the Environment, Porto Alegre, RS, 1990. FRIJOT, Capra.O point of Mutation, lvaroCabral translation, ed. Culipix, So Paulo. MOREIRA, Jose Robert. Ecology and practical Economy: Meioambiente and Condies de Vida, Agricultural Federal University of Rio De Janeiro, October of 1989. REPORT OF BRAZIL FOR THE CONFERENCE OF NATIONS UNIDASSOBRE THE ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT. ' ' The Sustentvel&#039 Challenge; '. Brasilia, 1991. SEITZ, John L. ' ' Politics of the Development, umaintroduo to problemasglobais' '. ed. Zahar, Rio De Janeiro, 1991. 1 Frejot, Capra.Ponto de Mutao. 2 Ely, Alosio. Economy of the Environment. 3 Alier, Joan Martinez. Ecological economy. 4 Idem 3 5 Idem 3

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