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Therefore, in this work it is considered that the contact with the concrete will be able to facilitate the learning process. In case that contrary, the pupils will be able to decorate the information and to repeat it when this will be requested, what little will contribute for the construction of its knowledge. The use of education strategies that allow, to the children, the contact with material objects and the development of experiments, contributes for the learning of the physics of playful and pleasant form. In this direction, the presentation of situation-problem to be decided for the students of the initial series has been used successfully on the part of researchers of the Laboratory of Research in Education of Fsica (LAPEF-USP). From the situation-problem presented the students they develop, with concrete materials, experimental activities of inquiry that lead to the solution of situation-problem.

In the investigativas experimental activities, the professor excites the interest of the pupils from a problematizadora situation where the attempt of reply of this question leads to the elaboration of its hypotheses that, in the truth, are its first conceptions about the problem, that is, previous conceptions (ZANON et al, 2007). Situation-problem referring literatures to the educational process (PINK et al. 2007, ZANON and FREITA, 2007) have explicitado problems that directly intervene with the formation citizen, amongst these deserve prominence: the formation of professors, the little investment in qualification of professionals of this area or even in materials of pedagogical support. In the basic education of the first one to the fifth year if it has observed that good part of the professionals has formation in teaching and others graduated pedagogia. What many professors have told, in colloquy during the meeting made in the school where the research was carried through, is that its formation it has not contemplated areas as of mathematics and sciences of form that have necessary abilities for the education of the same ones.

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