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One of the earliest references to the population brings us to the Iberian settlement (250 years BC) in the Rock of flocks. In the place they both see the remains of the Bronze Age and Iberian, highlighting the entry in a cylindrical bone awl interpreted as “To you. Nertse Made by. This item would denote the evolution of the settlement, indicating that the punch it was a donation or gift. Earlier this was were observed many towers and walls placed on the hillocks which served to guard against the incursions of the barbarians, which brings us to the possibility of a fortress in the current first hill of the fortress of El Toro . While the process has not stopped romanized clear testimony in 1946 were released few paved roads that could be Roman roads which still amounted to a segment of the Watchtower items or plans, heading for El Toro or shacks.Mateu y Llopis in 1957 recorded the finding of a Hispanic as frustrated, first used in Roman coin bronze and then silver for trade. In 1995 came new evidence of Roman settlement to find various pieces of tiles and bricks in the Hoya de Santo Domingo. These materials confirm the existence of a building on the site, being able to try a “villae Rusticae” Roman farmhouse widespread among second and fourth centuries after it is known Proculo JC, Bishop of Segorbe in 589 AD, evangelized the new people from the barbarian incursions, qualifying in Jerica villagers settled in El Toro, Forestry, Pina and Villanueva occur before the Arab invasion. The name of the town is based on pre-Roman radicals “Tor” or “Tar” which reverted to the Latin “Turris” associated with tower or castle. Identified by other scholars as “Torus”, ie spot or bump on the mound.It was an easy word to the Arabs who settled in the area who identified that voice in their language means “mountain” to refer to the ridge of the term. In 1836, the scholar Cortes left the name was given in ancient times the river Palencia (Serabis) to defend that term was made up of two words in Hebrew or Egyptian, or Being Sher (bull or steer) and Apis (god of the Egyptians). Starting from the word Being (Toro – El Toro) is a similarity of riparian river Palancia as Torahs, Ser bica, syncopated by the Arab name for Serica or X rica, Jerica current or Segobriga also the capital of Palancia, Segorbe. Other theories include jericano founded by Francisco del Vayo in the sixteenth century or the nineteenth Gaspar Escolano, which speak of the possibility that El Toro was previously called Podium or Castellar.However, in the Annals of the Kingdom of Valencia, published in 1613, its author Francisco Diago signal “Etobesa, that now is the Bull”, but the majority opinion suggests that we should locate in Etobesa Bej s or Jericho, nuclei of important archaeological remains. In 1228 the Aragonese troops made several incursions conquering the area, but the chaos in the border area in 1232 was increased by all and looting of the Knights Teruel populations still housed Muslims, as Manzanera, El Toro, Barracks (San Pedro of Bellmont), Arcos de las Salinas, Pina de Montalgrao, Villahermosa del Rio and Sandy Courts. Fearing excessive noble Aragonese expansion in the north of Castell n, King James concentrated his forces in Teruel lineage some 120 knights with their squires (as Beuter, some very famous from the councils of the city) , and barely deviate from the old road, moved his forces north Palancia Valley.On 18 June 1257, tells D. Francisco Aguilar, Teruel was forced to renounce their rights in El Toro, Pina, and shacks still subject to Jericho. On November 28, 1260 Don King James I of Aragon, gave privileges to the Christian population and dwelling of El Toroand all their farms (farms) that existed within his term, giving them various rights and franchises. They appeared as witnesses his lieutenant D. Perez Xim n Aren s and nobles D. Galcer n of Pinos, D. Azagra Garc a Ortiz, D. Carroz, lord of Rebollet and D. Sancho Antillon. The village remained in power of the Lordship of Jericho until becoming extinct line of succession to the crown. But the warlike, restless period that got in the last third of the fourteenth century led to the reorganization of the residents of El Toro, and Caudiel Viver, insisting to the Infante Don Martin in the request to fortify the town.Demand was denied on several occasions although we assume that strengthening works were carried out on the walls of houses which formed the outermost perimeter of the villa and access through portales.El February 20, 1403, the King and Don Martin I took the nickname “The Human” and confirmed a privilege that James I had granted to the town of El Toro providing absolute jurisdiction and exempting their neighbors in the lezda taxes and tolls. Don Martin to die without children, the village of Jerica returned to the Crown Royal as the places of their tenure, later going Ferdinand I of Antequera, inheriting the manor D.

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