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Jalal ad-din Rumi was born in the city of Balh, Afghanistan, in 1207. Around the year 1220, when Rumi was twelve, his family left the eastern provinces of Persia with a Kabbalah group of disciples and traveling westward because of the invasions of the Mongol empire. Learned during this pilgrimage places such as Khorasan, Baghdad, Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem, Damascus and Aleppo, coming to know many of the scholars and Sufis of the time.
Among the meetings with these scholars, who are in the city of Nayshapur learned the renowned Persian Sufi poet Farid al-din Attar who rename it as Jalal ad-Din. Shaikh Attar apparently staying very impressed by the young Rumi, and told his father then give a copy of his “Asrar Nameh (Book of Secrets):” Soon this child of yours will burn for Candidates of this spiritual world. “
By the year 1230 and probably for an invitation to Kayqubad, the great Judge Anatolian, the father of Rumi, Baha’uddin Walad, I headed to Asia Minor and settled in Konya, Turkey, a city associated with his family until the day today. Baha’uddin Walad and his family was warmly welcomed and received in Konya, a place that welcomed in these times to many immigrants from eastern cities of Persia, Anatolia represented as a quiet refuge in the Islamic world during the turbulent years of invasion mongolica. Baha’uddin Walad quickly acquired a reputation as a religious scholar and Sufi, becoming the author of “Ma’arif,” a masterpiece Madonna of Sufism. He died with honor when Rumi had 24 years of age.
By then Rumi, married and with their first child (which would Sultan Veled), had already begun their approach to spirituality and contact with the instruction begun by his parent and continued under the tutelage of Sayyid Burjanedin Balkh, a close friend his father, who will start in the mysteries of Sufism.
The first contact that takes Rumi with Sayyid is interesting: Sayyid at the time of the death of his friend, the father of Rumi, was in Balh, Afghanistan, and realized that it should go to Konya to take on the spiritual education of Jalal ad-din (Rumi). About a year after Sayyid Rumi meets for nine years and instructs him in the “science of the prophets lectures and states.” This instruction began with a retreat of forty days strict continuing with various disciplines of fasting and meditation.
Over time, Rumi grew up in knowledge and science of God. In one of his meetings with Sayyid, who felt it had fulfilled its duties with respect to Rumi, he said this: ‘You’re ready, my son. You have no equal in any of the branches of learning. You have become a lion of knowledge. I also am a lion and it is not necessary that the two are here, that’s why I want to leave. Moreover, a great friend come to you and will be the mirror of each other. The guide you toward Zohar the deepest part of the spiritual world, you and your guiaras him. You complement each other and will be the best friends the world over. ” And so it was like Sayyid announced the arrival of Shams-e-Tabrizi, the central event in the life study of Rumi. Sayyid, after this meeting, wanted to live the rest of their years in isolation.
Rumi, and become a teacher, both in science as Shari’s Sufism, a circle drawn around Konya, at some point between 1240 to 1244, focusing on education, meditation, helping the poor and learning activities. There is a teacher who was very popular, and that no fewer than four hundred students attending their classes.
In 1244 and the age of thirty-seven years, Rumi learned the spiritual wandering called Shams-e-Tabrizi, who had arrived in Konya that year after a short period of stay in Baghdad. Shams was a Berg mysterious and powerful enough, even his death has not been resolved yet, and it has graves that have become points of pilgrimage to this day.
Rumi’s meeting with Shams can be compared to Abraham’s meeting with Melchizedek. The following is the explanation I Murat Yagan: ‘A Melchizedek and a Shams are messengers of the Source. They do nothing for themselves, but who bring enlightenment to someone who can receive it, somebody who is very full or very empty. Mawlana was one that was very full. After receiving this message could apply for the benefit of mankind. “
This event marks the turning point in the life of Rumi, who until then had been a distinguished professor of religion and a mystic high to become an ecstatic poet and great lover of humanity.
The Kabbalah first poem written by Rumi is in a letter to Shams, and the time of their encounter until the death of Rumi, Shams never stopped composing poems. The emotional and spiritual friendship between these two figures is very high rare in the history of Sufism and became proverbial in the East.
The fact that Rumi pass all day with Shams, a growing genre Sentim of jealousy at his disciples and the harassment of these should make Shams Konya.

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