Canguaretama Community

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The origin of the Catu community retraces to the Brazilian colonial period, time marked for the great expansion of the missions jesuticas for all the domestic territory. In the roundnesses of the city of Canguaretama two aboriginal tribes existed who placed themselves there: potiguares and the cariris. Descendants of these tribes, take prominence in the settling of areas beyond Canguaretama the brothers Antonio and Joo Catu. The first one being in the mediaes of the current territory of Goianinha was married a tapuia indian giving to origin the great part of the descendants who until today exist in the place. As, migra for the areas of the current White Sand city. Times after the coming of the brothers and dissemination of its culture, happened migratory flows of the city of Canguaretama had used to advantage the dense existing Atlantic Bush for the production of coal and its use of electric energy. Such activity was the precursor for the processes of devastao and its consequent interference in bioma that it culminated with great loss of the hunting and fishes used for the aboriginals for the extinguishing of suitable species Atlantic Mata. Of agreement with the professor Catu Luiz, inhabitant and representative of the aboriginal local population next to FUNAI, the cultural territory of the population presents a great area of abrangncia all, being to three catus located in this region.

According to it, the existence of such territory is important to keep the identity of the place as well as the preservation of the partner-ambient space. Internal measures have been taken for such try as the creation of ecological tracks, that not only aim at the appreciation of the landscape but also the collection of deep for the maintenance of same and mainly the awareness of the external population concerning the existing community and the problems for faced them. 2.METODOLOGIA the following work was carried through through visit in locu, where we analyze the social side as the relations between the population, the resources that are available they and the conditions of these resources, as well as also were taken in account the economic question of the community as the main cultivated product, the relations of plantation and sales of these products as well as the consequences of the proximity to a plant for the community.

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